Gabriel Garcia Marquez is not a common household name in the twentieth century, but a closer look at the temples of learning such as Oxford and Stanford reveals an admirable awe and reverence amongst historians and Researchers alike. The cause being, this famous exponent affectionately called as Gabo is considered as the most vital author of the twentieth century, also being a Nobel Prize claimant he played a prominent role in expanding the realms of the Latin American Literature.
Literature in Latin America can be boldly divided into seven types,
The Pre Columbian literature built by Aztecs and Mayans produced codices, the arrival of European colonizers also paved way for myths and the art of oral literature survives to this day even among the Quecha and Quiche people.The Colonial period was typically ruled by the church, and has graved paths for first novels like El Periquillo Sarniento, and authors such as Andres and Simon.The nineteenth century literature is marked by fictions in Naturalist traditions that wanted to create a sense of nationalism or romanticism for the country.
The Modernismo period was marked by Poet's movement who started creating Landmarks pioneered by Ruben Dario's Azul. However it's considered anti-political and aesthetic by some, the period was also created by the Argentine Jorge Luis Borges who had patented a new genre in short story called as philosophical short stories. His contemporary Roberto Arlt offered an intuitive alternative by moving closer to the masses. In the dawn of 1920, Stridentism drew many eyes and resulted in many movements, at the same time novels also drew their inspiration from the Mexican Revolution.
Pablo Neruda remained a notable figure at this time, and the poetry of those times were heavily influenced by love and patriotism towards political movements. Even though an alternate sets of poets emerged at this time, giving due importance to Surrealism, they were canopied by works of the afore mentioned Nobel Laureate.
The WW II stamped a boom in literature given to rising economic status amongst the Americans. These boom writers begin to frolic beyond the traditional boundaries so religiously adhered by their ancestors and started creating a change for a new order, and concentrated more on societal issues such as violence, corruption and drug trade. There was also an emergence of a new breed of writers marked by Analysis thinking thereby pre meditating on the positive and the negative impacts of the society.
The Post boom period was saturated with the art of Magical Realism, which seem to hold every artist's fancy. Though some writers found themselves defiant to succumb under the pressures of the boom and started a pessimistic view, the Chilean Alberto satiated these with the new movement called as Anti Macondo ism, which obliged the writers to set all their works in exotic locations such as forests where happiness and an element of magic co exists.
Without much censure it's safe to say that people of that time, had a variety of arts and Literature.